The natural process of cave formation

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Caves are formed naturally due to some erosional process. The most common types of caves are the ones that are found in Hawaiian Islands. The lava tubes in Hawaiian Islands result in formation of caves and change the topography of a specific area. The hydrology, topography and geology of the area determine the shape and structure of a cave. Some caves are really small while the others have large chambers. The ones with large chambers have interconnecting tunnels and lead to huge openings.

The caves are usually formed due to the water erosional process. Almost all the caves are a result of water erosion, other than this some caves are a result of human activity. Rivers around the canyons go through the soil and make tunnels for flowing through the region. When it comes to the areas around the sea, caves are generally formed when water keeps crashing on the steep walls or cliffs. During low tides people can visit these sea caves and experience the natural tunnels. One can visit the website of the professionals to check out the information on cave formation. It is important to stay connected with professionals. For example, if one is looking for a professional DJ in Elkhart then he will visit www.elkhartdj.com.

There are ice caves that are generally formed due to water melting from ice bergs or glaciers. It is a natural process and caves are formed due to years of erosion. Lava caves are quite interesting and they tend to be very long. When the exterior portion of the lava hardens and cools after sometime the lava tends to flow out of the surface. Once the lava flows out fully it leaves a hollow opening in that region. This process leads to lava caves. The caves that are found in deserts are generally made of sandstone. When the flow of the wind keeps hitting the sandstone cliffs the sand abrades the face of the cliff. Scientist say that solution caves tend to be the largest and most spectacular caves ever found.

Importance of Caves

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Caves contribute a lot to make the landscape of the earth diverse, rich in natural resources and fascinating. They share a long association with the journey of human civilization from the pre-historic periods to the modern age. Caves can easily help you understand the gradual and sudden change in the patterns of topography, hydrology and geology of a region. They play a vital role in understanding the constant process of evolution that has been going on for a long period of time within the natural environment.  These rock cavities also serve as a home and shelter to many animals and insects for survival and sustenance.

In many countries caves act as the major source of attraction to draw tourists from various parts of the world. In countries like New Zealand, USA, and others caves are known for their aesthetic wonder and charm that tap the attention of the visitors to explore each and every corner in detail. The most notable example in this perspective is the Mammoth Cave which is based in the Kentucky state of USA.

Caves always help in unearthing many unknown facts about human history especially of the pre-historic periods to a great extent. Rocky walls of some famous caves are full of original handworks of early people in the form of drawings, symbols, sketches and so on. Caves are also the storehouse of precious materials like rock salt, limestone and others. They are ideal spots for the Paleontologists to dig out fossils and skeletons of dinosaurs and other extinct species of the planet. During emergency situations like flood, war and so on caves can accommodate sufficient number of people.

Governments all over the world are paying extreme care and attention in maintaining these caves with the help of volunteers and agencies like UNESCO.

Animals and caves

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Since time immemorial caves have been providing shelter and accommodation to all animals including human beings. They also play an active role in the growth and sustenance of certain animals which can be divided into three categories depending on their staying duration inside the rocky dark interiors. These normally include the following below:

Troglophiles: It normally represents those animals that can easily stay inside the dark sections of the cave and can also venture outside for searching foods and other purposes. This group usually includes salamanders, frogs, beetles, earthworms and so on.

Troglobites: The term normally denotes those species that live permanently inside the dark interiors of a cave and are unable to survive and thrive into the outside world. These species come with specially developed sense organs to find food easily inside the cave. Most of them have poorly developed eyes or without eyes but that never leads to any problem as they do not have to venture outside the cave. Animals belonging to this category normally include millipedes, amphipods, isopods, cave crayfish and so on.

Trogloxenes: It usually represents those animals that can freely step inside and outside the cave without completing the entire process of life cycle inside the dark avenues. Such animals are also called cave visitors who move inside any cave on a temporary basis for purposes like hibernation and so on. The most well-known animals of this category normally include moths, skunks, bears, bats and many more.

You can easily recognize some of these animals once you have stepped inside the cave of any hilly or jungle region. It also important to mention in this context that you must avoid from creating noises for that can disturb the normal lifecycle of those animals who live in darkest corners of a cave.

All About Caves

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The existence of caves on earth can be largely attributed to the process of erosion. These are basically naturally developed cavities on a rocky surface that are found not only in land but also in the underwater region with distinct patterns, shapes and sizes. There are other factors which play a big role in the formation of caves that normally include sudden change in geology, hydrology, and topography of a region.

Water acts as the main agent of the erosional processes to create naturally occurring caves on the rocky surface while flowing at the highest speed. Recent research has also found that bacterias like extremeophiles have contributed a lot in the formation of certain amazing caves on the earth. These bacterias have resulted in the release of the bubble of hydrogen sulfide with groundwater which ultimately leads to the formation of deep and structured caves like structure as a result of corrosion.

Caves that are formed as a result of volcanic activities often stretch long to several miles externally after the cooling and hardening of lava that culminates into the formation of a solid roof. Similarly in the ice-capped mountainous region, glaciers play a pivotal role in the formation of hollow caves. In countries like New Zealand caves are the major source of attraction for tourists all over the world. The government takes absolute care of every tourist spot in the country which is notable due to the presence of spectacular caves.

Solution caves mainly develop due to the result of chemical weathering encompassing the nearby bedrock and are mainly notable for the formation of specific range of terrain commonly known as the karst. Next time, when you come across to any cave try to understand its formation and patterns to make your journey meaningful and thrilling.